Agriculture is the major industry of the
people. Being the principal crop, rice is raised for both subsistence and cash, but the most lucrative cash crop is garlic.
Sugarcane is not widely produced. Those planting sugarcane process the yield into molasses and basi, a fermented beverage
from sugarcane juice. The basi can also be turned into vinegar.
The presence of rivers and other bodies
of fresh water and the proximity of the China Sea have made the fishing industry a productive economic activity, particularly
among the seacoast dwellers. However, fishing is done on a limited scale. The people have not yet learned to use the more
modem techniques of fishing. This explains why fishing tools are still similar to those used in the past.
Several sawmills have been established
in Pagudpud, the northernmost town of the province. To date, however, only a few people are engaged in the lumber industry.
Of the many cottage industries being developed,
cloth weaving appears to be a promising one. People from Paoay, Batac, Badoc, Dingras, Vintar, Sarrat, Piddig, Espiritu, and
Solsona weave blankets, robes, towels, bedspreads, pillowcases, and clothing materials.On the other hand, the people of San Nicolas engage in pottery
making, while the people of Bangui weave mats. Hollow block making, bamboo craft, shell craft, crocheting, basket and bag
making, and food preserving, too, are now in the process of development. Those living near the seashore make salt from seawater,
while those in other areas are in manufacturing, construction, commerce, and transportation and communication.